Educational Briefs

GrowSmart Maine is working to help educate people about sprawl and alternative approaches to development.  Our Educational Briefs are designed to help people understand the issues and some of the possible tools, techniques, and resources available to accommodate growth that protects our quality of life and the unique character of our state.

View, download or share these resources for community volunteers:

Image result for gardiner food coopFocus on Gardiner: Successful Food Systems- New January 2019  Access to local and healthy food is important for the well-being and economic success of Maine’s cities and towns as well as its residents. However, developing a successful food system can seem daunting for small communities. Gardiner, ME has achieved a comprehensive food system, here is how you can too.

Local Outreach & Advocacy  Hard work and planning are needed to manage change in any community. In some cases, a town-wide vote is necessary to reach a desired outcome. Here is a guide to help you succeed in your own local advocacy or assist others in their efforts.

Protecting Maine’s Working Farmland  Apples Maintaining rural character, creating economic opportunity, buying local, building community – many communities are talking about one or more of these ideas. Has your community identified any one of these as important goals? Are there farms and/or farmland in your community? If so, then actively supporting farming may help accomplish some of your community goals. Think “farming friendly”! Be sure to also consult this overview on what Maine communities are currently doing to be farm friendly: Maine municipal farm friendly practices and policies.

Smart Growth for Maine  Things seldom stay the same in our communities. Inevitably, over time, communities experience growth and change. Sometimes we welcome the change, maybe a new business adds convenience to our daily lives, and other times we may regret the change if a favorite open space becomes a new development. Often we don’t think about growth in our communities until something changes and we don’t like it. While growth and change are inevitable, how growth happens is something communities can manage.

Garage ApartmentAccessory Apartments: An Affordable Housing Strategy
Affordable housing can often present a challenge for communities. How can a Town expand their affordable housing choices in a way that balances community needs with community character? How can a Town create affordable options to keep people in the community as they age or to accommodate changing lifestyles and housing needs? How can people more easily stay in their homes longer as children move out and/or income changes? How can a Town support affordable housing without building new developments? Accessory apartments can help address these community challenges. ADU Ordinance Table

Bicycling on the Bayside Trail in Portland, Maine. This is a former rail line converted to a multi-use trail.

Bicycling on the Bayside Trail in Portland, Maine. This is a former rail line converted to a multi-use trail.

Smart Transportation Choices for Maine Communities
Traffic congestion is a problem in more and more communities. No longer is congestion confined to the typical morning and afternoon commute times on weekdays; it’s not unusual to see congestion during lunch times and on Saturdays. Communities can take the lead in providing alternative transportation choices to the automobile. Communities participate in transportation decisions every time they review and plan for new development. More and more, they are creating “smart” transportation choices.

The Portland Buy Local campaign works to keep Portland's downtown vibrant.

The Portland Buy Local campaign works to keep Portland’s downtown vibrant.

Supporting Local Businesses
Remember the days when most of your shopping was done at local stores owned by people in the community? Remember when downtown was the center of activity because of the local stores? Remember when running errands meant staying in your own community or area, seeing friends and neighbors and having a chance to “catch-up”? Maybe life is still this way for you.  For many people, however, shopping and running errands means frequenting large retail chains, in distant retail centers, in the company of strangers from many different communities. Shopping is not quite so local and neighborly anymore. But this is beginning to change. “Buy local” is the new slogan. People are recognizing the value of local businesses and the contribution they make to communities. As a result, a growing number of communities are adopting policies and strategies to strengthen and rebuild their hometown businesses. If your community would like to do more to support local businesses, there are strategies and resources available.

Ledgewood Court

Ledgewood Court, Damariscotta, Maine

Building ‘Smart’:  Environmentally Sensitive Design. 
Maine‘s natural environment is a proud part of our heritage. It will also be a proud part of our legacy, if we pay attention. Growth pressures are increasingly competing with Maine ‘s natural environment – one of the qualities that make Maine the special place we call home. And while most of us recognize that growth in our communities is inevitable and often desirable, it is up to us to determine whether growth has an overall positive or negative effect on our communities and the environment. By encouraging environmentally sensitive design we can accommodate growth in our communities and also ensure that Maine ‘s natural environment continues to be an asset for us and future generations.


From The Great American Neighborhood – A Guide to Livable Design (Bruce Towl, artist)

Great American Neighborhoods
The traditional neighborhood – a place where people of all ages can live, meet their daily needs, and spend their leisure time, all within walking distance; a place where kids can walk or bike to school and play with friends in the neighborhood; a place where people are brought together in their day-to-day lives, creating a sense of shared community. Maybe you remember a neighborhood like this. Or maybe you live in one like it today. But in many places this kind of neighborhood is hard to find.  In an age of low density suburbs, with local zoning ordinances that often prohibit this kind of neighborhood from being built, a “Great American Neighborhood” (GAN) is the exception, and is most often associated with times past

MDIWhat Is Sprawl?
Maine’s population is on the move – leapfrogging from traditional cities, towns and villages out to once rural territory.  Rural towns are becoming suburban communities.  Urban areas and downtown centers are losing their vitality.  Farmland, fields and forestland are turning into residential and commercial developments.  Throughout Maine, land use is spreading out.  This pattern is called sprawl.

Growth Caps: The Cure for Maine’s Growing Pains?
Maine’s migrating population has increased land consumption and the demand for housing.  Municipal budgets, natural resources and community character are all under pressure.  In response, many suburbanizing towns have implemented residential growth caps to inhibit the rate of growth and reduce the burdens on their communities.  However, without careful planning, growth caps can have unintended consequences.

Walkable neighborhoodThe Maximum Solution: Maximum Lot Size and Densities in Rural Zoning Districts
Throughout Maine communities are trying to preserve rural character.  Under existing, large-lot zoning they are unlikely to succeed.  But through a simple, innovative zoning technique – maximum lot size along with minimum densities – towns can take a new and different approach.

Post Office ParkParks and Open Space: Making In-town Living Attractive
Over the last 30 years Maine has seen increasing urban out-migration and suburbanization.  People have been leaving our cities for homes amidst farms and forests, with easy access to green space and nature.  But with proper planning, urban dwellers can enjoy parks and open space right in town.

Field and subdivisionThe Creeping Cost of Sprawl
Do you live in a rural town within a 30 to 40 minute drive of a job center?  Is your population growing?  If you answered yes to these questions, your days as a rural town are numbered.  You are on your way to becoming a low-density suburb, and may be about to experience the creeping costs of sprawl.

Main Street FarmingtonPlanning for Downtown Development IS Smart Growth
Downtown has traditionally been the heart of a community.  A healthy downtown has usually meant a healthy community.  But things have been changing.  In recent decades downtowns have suffered from the proliferation of enclosed malls, strip malls, big box retail outlets and office parks.  As our downtowns have closed up shop, our sense of community has been diminished and our communities have lost their economic vitality.  But it doesn’t have to be that way.  Planning for downtown development can help.

Turtle Sprawl & Wildlife Habitat
Wildlife and wildlife habitat are part of Maine’s way of life.  Maine is know for its natural areas.  The natural environment is part of Maine’s heritage.  Increasingly, the pattern of development called sprawl is threatening this resource.

We hope you will find these Educational Briefs to be helpful.  All GrowSmart Maine Educational Briefs are dedicated to the Public Domain. Please share and distribute to your neighbors, town officials, and others.