Franklin Street Redesign: Linking Transportation, Economic Development, and Quality of Life

by Markos Miller, Guest Columnist

This month the City of Portland will be embarking on Phase 2 of the Franklin Street redesign study. Building on the 2009 Phase 1 report Reclaiming Franklin Street, this will advance the vision of Franklin Street as a vibrant urban corridor that serves as both an attractive gateway to the city, and connects neighborhoods, the waterfront, and I-295.

The future Franklin Street will better perform its transportation function, facilitating safe and efficient travel for motor vehicles, transit, bikes, and pedestrians through integrated design solutions. The corridor will enhance the urban fabric of the city through the mixed-use development of residential, commercial and recreational space in the midst of attractive streetscapes.

The redesigning of this urban-renewal arterial represents an ongoing partnership between the City of Portland, MaineDOT, PACTS, and diverse community stakeholders, established in the 2009 study. The Phase 2 study will include a feasibility analysis and refinement of the range of design solutions presented in the three Phase 1 concept designs, and other appropriate solutions derived during Phase 2.

These concept designs drew upon existing local policy, technical expertise, and best practices across communities to present a vision of an urban corridor that maximizes its potential as an asset for transportation, economic development, and enhanced livability.  

Underlying this work are key findings about the Franklin Street corridor and the complexities of urban roadways which serve a wider range of needs, and offer a wider range of opportunities than the traditional highway system. Among these are:

  • Traffic volumes along Franklin Street have been surprisingly stable the past 25 years and the existing capacity, designed appropriately, will accommodate even the most liberal traffic growth projections over the next 25 years.
  • The maximum vehicular travel capacity of the existing number of  travel lanes can be achieved through improved intersection design, synchronization of traffic lights, and designing for slower travel speeds.
  • Vehicular travel speeds of 25-30 mph allow urban roadways to carry the maximum number of vehicles most efficiently.
  • Travel speeds of 25-30 mph also best balance mobility and safety for all users. Chances of serious injury and death increase exponentially with collisions at higher speeds.
  • High quality road design allows cars, bikes, and pedestrians to co-exist in urban corridors with traffic volumes similar to that of Franklin Street.
  • The current roadway takes up little more than half of the 15 acre corridor. This prime urban real-estate can be put to better use for the community to generate increased tax revenue and provide vibrant public spaces. Housing and businesses along Franklin Street will bring new life to blighted and underutilized assets, including Lincoln Park.
  • As a route to schools, shopping, and employment, Franklin Street consistently faces transportation demands across the corridor as well as along it.

Urban highways and arterials were built at a time when faster seemed better, and people were not fully aware of the impacts of cars on our cities. Communities now see that steady, predictable traffic flow creates a more efficient urban roadway, and that the street and the local context must relate.

Cities across the country are redesigning urban highway corridors to improve livability and mobility.
In so doing, they are strengthening transportation options by creating multi-modal corridors and hubs, and stimulating private investment. The results generate higher property values, broader tax bases,  enhanced public spaces for community enjoyment. The removal of San Francisco's Central Freeway and Milwaukee's Park East Highway spurred millions of dollars in urban redevelopment, while closer to home New Haven, Connecticut and Buffalo, New York are putting resources towards redesigning their inner-city highways as urban streets or boulevards.

The Franklin Street Redesign process will be guided by a Context Sensitive Solutions model, integrating transportation and land-use planning, Complete Streets and Transit Oriented Development principles, technical expertise, and public involvement so that the preferred plan for Franklin Street serves the needs of our city and reflects our values. The final outcome, which may ultimately be a hybrid design that blends elements of various concepts, will guide future development along the corridor and put Portland in a position to pursue a range of funding options.

Portland is poised to grow as a residential center as well as an economic hub. The Franklin Street redesign process presents opportunities for our city to further build upon strengths such as walkability, integrity of place, and economic and environmental sustainability so that Portland continues to be recognized as a great place to live, work, and play in the 21st century.

Markos Miller
Public Advisory Committee
Franklin Street Redesign Study